Rezumate Sociologie Românescă

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 1-2/2017, pp. 85-111.


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Postcomunismul românesc. O posibilă tipologie

Romanian Postcommunism. A Possible Typology

Emanuel Copilaş

Universitatea de Vest din Timișoara, Bd. Vasile Pârvan, nr. 4, Timișoara. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Emanuel Copilaş. Postcomunismul românesc. O posibilă tipologie. Sociologie Românească XV(1-2):85-111, 2017. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Copilaş, Emanuel",
    	title = "Postcomunismul românesc. O posibilă tipologie",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XV",
    	number = "1-2",
    	pages = "85-111",
    	abstract = "After three decades since the 1989 revolution, is postcommunism still a relevant concept for understanding Romania's profound transformations after the fall of Ceauşescu's national-communist regime? For a number of reasons detailed in the introductive section, I aim to offer a positive answer to this question: postcommunism is still a valid theoretical tool in apprehending this new stage of Romania's development, although its relevance is not so powerful as it was back in the 1990s. This study tries to differentiate several major directions of analysis regarding Romanian postcommunism. The typology it poposes is by far not a complete one, not even a very complex one; it just tries to identify, grosso modo, what I consider to be the main dimensions of this complex social phenomenon. Of course, the debate can go on, and it is highly recommendable to go on, both by expanding and/or contesting the present typology. After I analyze the ideological, political, economical, social and cultural components of Romanian postcommunism, the idea I try to bring forward is that of the irreducible particularity of this ideology, the more prolific as its discursive efforts to present itself as the 'end of history', common sense, reality or non-ideological universalism - were more intense.",
    	keywords = "ideology; politics; economics; society; culture",
    	year = 2017
    }
    

Abstract: After three decades since the 1989 revolution, is postcommunism still a relevant concept for understanding Romania's profound transformations after the fall of Ceauşescu's national-communist regime? For a number of reasons detailed in the introductive section, I aim to offer a positive answer to this question: postcommunism is still a valid theoretical tool in apprehending this new stage of Romania's development, although its relevance is not so powerful as it was back in the 1990s. This study tries to differentiate several major directions of analysis regarding Romanian postcommunism. The typology it poposes is by far not a complete one, not even a very complex one; it just tries to identify, grosso modo, what I consider to be the main dimensions of this complex social phenomenon. Of course, the debate can go on, and it is highly recommendable to go on, both by expanding and/or contesting the present typology. After I analyze the ideological, political, economical, social and cultural components of Romanian postcommunism, the idea I try to bring forward is that of the irreducible particularity of this ideology, the more prolific as its discursive efforts to present itself as the 'end of history', common sense, reality or non-ideological universalism - were more intense. 

Keywords: ideology; politics; economics; society; culture.

Cuvinte-cheie: ideologie; politică; economie; societate; cultură.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 1-2/2017, pp. 113-126.


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Schimbări în educaţia românească în perioada de tranziţie postcomunistă. Efecte asupra tinerei generaţii

Changes in Romanian Education during Post-communist Transition. Effects on Youth

Sorin Mitulescu

Institutul de Ştiinţe ale Educaţiei, Str. Dr. Valea Argovei nr. 38, Bucureşti. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Sorin Mitulescu. Schimbări în educaţia românească în perioada de tranziţie postcomunistă. Efecte asupra tinerei generaţii. Sociologie Românească XV(1-2):113-126, 2017. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Mitulescu, Sorin",
    	title = "Schimbări în educaţia românească în perioada de tranziţie postcomunistă. Efecte asupra tinerei generaţii",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XV",
    	number = "1-2",
    	pages = "113-126",
    	abstract = "The system of education during communism had many shortcomings: underfinancing, low performance, regret and even social discrimination (despite praise from official propaganda on „free education”). The post-communist education reform has been corrective and reactive, driven by global pressures and limited by budget constraints but not only. The comparison at the level of several post-communist countries highlighted their common orientation. Romania has similarly embraced the imitative modernization process in line with Western values, privatization (partial), liberalism, the adoption of the Bologna process in higher education. The results of youth opinion polls since 1996, conducted within the Center for Studies and Certification for Youth Problems, have allowed us to analyze how transition youth reacted to education reforms. Although the reforms responded to unsatisfied needs in the communist period, the result was not an increase in the interest and trust of young people in school. The rate of participation of young people in education, although significantly increased compared to the period of communism (especially in higher education), remains low in a comparative European context.",
    	keywords = "corrective and reactive reforms; privatization in education; participation in education; intergenerational learning mobility; satisfaction with school",
    	year = 2017
    }
    

Abstract: After three decades since the 1989 revolution, is postcommunism still a relevant concept for understanding Romania's profound transformations after the fall of

Abstract: The system of education during communism had many shortcomings: underfinancing, low performance, regret and even social discrimination (despite praise from official propaganda on „free education”). The post-communist education reform has been corrective and reactive, driven by global pressures and limited by budget constraints but not only. The comparison at the level of several post-communist countries highlighted their common orientation. Romania has similarly embraced the imitative modernization process in line with Western values, privatization (partial), liberalism, the adoption of the Bologna process in higher education. The results of youth opinion polls since 1996, conducted within the Center for Studies and Certification for Youth Problems, have allowed us to analyze how transition youth reacted to education reforms. Although the reforms responded to unsatisfied needs in the communist period, the result was not an increase in the interest and trust of young people in school. The rate of participation of young people in education, although significantly increased compared to the period of communism (especially in higher education), remains low in a comparative European context.

Keywords: corrective and reactive reforms; privatization in education; participation in education; intergenerational learning mobility; satisfaction with school.

Cuvinte-cheie: reforme corective și reactive; privatizare în educație; participare la educație; mobilitate educațională intergenerații; satisfacție față de școală.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 1-2/2017, pp. 133-155.


SR 1 2 2017 coperta

Cât de “prezenţi” sunt studenţii la şcoală? Angajamentul academic al studenţilor din zona transfrontalieră Ungaria-România

How “Present” are Students in School? Students’ Academic Engagement in Hungarian-Romanian Cross-border Region

Sorana Săveanu*, Petru-Adrian Pop**

*Universitatea din Oradea, Facultatea de Ştiinţe Socio-Umane, Strada Universităţii 1, 410087, Oradea, România. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea.;

**Universitatea din Oradea, Facultatea de Ştiinţe Socio-Umane, Strada Universităţii 1, 410087, Oradea, România. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Sorana Săveanu and Petru-Adrian Pop. Cât de “prezenţi” sunt studenţii la şcoală? Angajamentul academic al studenţilor din zona transfrontalieră Ungaria-România. Sociologie Românească XV(1-2):133-155, 2017. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Săveanu, Sorana and Pop, Petru-Adrian",
    	title = "Cât de “prezenţi” sunt studenţii la şcoală? Angajamentul academic al studenţilor din zona transfrontalieră Ungaria-România",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XV",
    	number = "1-2",
    	pages = "133-155",
    	abstract = "The issue of school dropout is increasingly found in research conducted in all European countries. The increased interest for this subject is justified in terms of the European objectives for 2020. If we look closely to school dropout and we define it as the final step of a long process of disengagement, then the attention of researchers should also be directed to the analysis of levels of commitment, student attachment to school and student academic integration. One of the main difficulties encountered in studies addressing this topic is the conceptual definition. In this study we use several scales to measure academic engagement and we identify three dimensions of student’ engagement, based on the conceptualization found in the scientific literature. Using data from HERD research project conducted between 2011 and 2012 in Hungary-Romania cross-border region, this paper shows that there are differences between universities found in this region, and also differences regarding some individual characteristics of students. Our main result refers to the characteristics of students’ groups at the university level and we argue that engagement is a result of a continuous process, closely linked to the choice of academic paths. In the final section of the paper, there are presented the main limitations of the research and directions to be followed in future studies.",
    	keywords = "engagement; higher education; typology; universities",
    	year = 2017
    }
    

Abstract: The issue of school dropout is increasingly found in research conducted in all European countries. The increased interest for this subject is justified in terms of the European objectives for 2020. If we look closely to school dropout and we define it as the final step of a long process of disengagement, then the attention of researchers should also be directed to the analysis of levels of commitment, student attachment to school and student academic integration. One of the main difficulties encountered in studies addressing this topic is the conceptual definition. In this study we use several scales to measure academic engagement and we identify three dimensions of student’ engagement, based on the conceptualization found in the scientific literature. Using data from HERD research project conducted between 2011 and 2012 in Hungary-Romania cross-border region, this paper shows that there are differences between universities found in this region, and also differences regarding some individual characteristics of students. Our main result refers to the characteristics of students’ groups at the university level and we argue that engagement is a result of a continuous process, closely linked to the choice of academic paths. In the final section of the paper, there are presented the main limitations of the research and directions to be followed in future studies.

Keywords: engagement; higher education; typology; universities.

Cuvinte-cheie: angajament; învăţământ superior; tipologie; universităţi.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 1-2/2017, pp. 113-126.


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Conferinţa Internaţională „Globalization, Intercultural Dialogue and National Identity”, Târgu Mureş, ediţia a patra

The International Scientific Conference „Globalization, Intercultural Dialogue and National Identity”, Târgu Mureş, 4-th edition

Maria-Ana Georgescu

Universitatea „Petru Maior” din Tîrgu Mureş. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Maria-Ana Georgescu. Conferinţa Internaţională „Globalization, Intercultural Dialogue and National Identity”, Târgu Mureş, ediţia a patra. Sociologie Românească XV(1-2):129-130, 2017. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Georgescu, Maria-Ana",
    	title = "Conferinţa Internaţională „Globalization, Intercultural Dialogue and National Identity”, Târgu Mureş, ediţia a patra",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XV",
    	number = "1-2",
    	pages = "129-130",
    	abstract = "",
    	year = 2017
    }
    

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 1-2/2017, pp. 157-179.


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Tendințe social-economice globale cu impact asupra standardului de viață

Global Socio-economic Trends with Impact on Living Standard

Mariana Stanciu

Institutul de Cercetare a Calității Vieții, Academia Română, Calea 13 Septembrie nr. 13, București. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Mariana Stanciu. Tendințe social-economice globale cu impact asupra standardului de viață. Sociologie Românească XV(1-2):157-179, 2017. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Stanciu, Mariana",
    	title = "Tendințe social-economice globale cu impact asupra standardului de viață",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XV",
    	number = "1-2",
    	pages = "157-179",
    	abstract = "The article aims to signal current developments of some controversial indicators on social and economic development at global, European and national level, that will decisively affect the living standard of the population in the immediate and long-term future. Some of those evolutions seem inevitable, so we have to prepare to meet them. Others can still be influenced by some economic and social policies. In this regard, we mention the demographic context, the migration phenomenon, the labor force, or some key indicators of economic development. The standard of living is revealed by analyzing the relationship between income levels and household expenditure, and by presenting recent realities on the phenomenon of poverty. Some forecasts are also specified for the next 2-3 decades. Data from Romanian socio-economic statistics, Eurostat data and data from global expertise such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund or the UN are used.",
    	keywords = "demography; migration; employment; economy; wellbeing",
    	year = 2017
    }
    

Abstract: The article aims to signal current developments of some controversial indicators on social and economic development at global, European and national level, that will decisively affect the living standard of the population in the immediate and long-term future. Some of those evolutions seem inevitable, so we have to prepare to meet them. Others can still be influenced by some economic and social policies. In this regard, we mention the demographic context, the migration phenomenon, the labor force, or some key indicators of economic development. The standard of living is revealed by analyzing the relationship between income levels and household expenditure, and by presenting recent realities on the phenomenon of poverty. Some forecasts are also specified for the next 2-3 decades. Data from Romanian socio-economic statistics, Eurostat data and data from global expertise such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund or the UN are used.

Keywords: demography; migration; employment; economy; wellbeing.

Cuvinte-cheie: demografie; migrație; angajare în muncă; economie; bunăstare.