Rezumate Sociologie Românescă

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 79-92.


SR 2 3 2016 copertaFactors of Choosing Specializations in Higher Education Institutions of the Hungarian-Romanian Cross-Border Region

Krisztina Bernáth*

*Emanuel University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania

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  1. Krisztina Bernath. Factors of Choosing Specializations in Higher Education Institutions of the Hungarian-Romanian Cross-Border Region. Sociologie Românească XIV(2-3):79-92, 2016. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Bernath, Krisztina",
    	title = "Factors of Choosing Specializations in Higher Education Institutions of the Hungarian-Romanian Cross-Border Region",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIV",
    	number = "2-3",
    	pages = "79-92",
    	abstract = "The aim of the paper is to examine the decisions of students from the Hungarian-Romanian Cross-Border Region to pursue higher education and to choose a career, correlated with the individual and social motivational context. Larger higher education institutions (HEIs) attract more likely students from intellectual families, with high socio-economic status, those who have more friends, speak several languages, have material values; continuing education and university choice are influenced by the mobility factor and by following a model. The factors that are relevant in the choice of specialization at smaller HEIs are: the number of spoken languages, a disadvantaged background and gender. Students who are females, who come from rural areas and who have post-material values tend to choose humanities as their specialization, while students with a high mobility factor and high education level of the father will more likely choose sciences. The results could be efficiently used in the development of higher education in the field of practice, policy and research or in career counselling. Also, they enrich the results of empirical research related to the recruitment mechanisms of cross-border higher education institutions and young students.",
    	keywords = "specialization choice; Higher Education Institutions; Hungarian-Romanian Cross-Border Region",
    	year = 2016
    }
    

Abstract: The aim of the paper is to examine the decisions of students from the Hungarian-Romanian Cross-Border Region to pursue higher education and to choose a career, correlated with the individual and social motivational context. Larger higher education institutions (HEIs) attract more likely students from intellectual families, with high socio-economic status, those who have more friends, speak several languages, have material values; continuing education and university choice are influenced by the mobility factor and by following a model. The factors that are relevant in the choice of specialization at smaller HEIs are: the number of spoken languages, a disadvantaged background and gender. Students who are females, who come from rural areas and who have post-material values tend to choose humanities as their specialization, while students with a high mobility factor and high education level of the father will more likely choose sciences. The results could be efficiently used in the development of higher education in the field of practice, policy and research or in career counselling. Also, they enrich the results of empirical research related to the recruitment mechanisms of cross-border higher education institutions and young students.

Keywords: specialization choice; Higher Education Institutions; Hungarian-Romanian Cross-Border Region.

Cuvinte-cheie: alegerea specializării; învăţământ superior; Regiunea transfrontalieră România-Ungaria.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 93-106.


SR 2 3 2016 copertaWhistleblowing Practices Benchmarking for Top-ranking Public and Private Employers

Oana Mara Stan*

*Emanuel University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania

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  1. Oana Mara Stan. Whistleblowing Practices Benchmarking for Top-ranking Public and Private Employers. Sociologie Românească XIV(2-3):93-106, 2016. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Stan, Oana Mara",
    	title = "Whistleblowing Practices Benchmarking for Top-ranking Public and Private Employers",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIV",
    	number = "2-3",
    	pages = "93-106",
    	abstract = "The study concerns the legitimization and institutionalization of an emerging field of preoccupation – that of whistleblowing or integrity denouncement in Romania. The research design relies on acomparative best practice approach achieved through a parallel online analysis between 20 ministries as central administration entities, nine of the most profitable state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and a sample of private corporations tagged as premium employers in graduate surveys. Provisions on whistleblowing are included in the code of business ethics of corporations and due diligence governance policy of public-sector organizations. The conceptual model of comparative investigation relies on a benchmarking framework applied to official corporate websites and analyzes the following categories: coverage (types of misconduct), accessibility (internal and external communication means), addressability (targeted stakeholders), core principles, technical specifications and explanations on process stages. Organizational procedures on whistleblowing strive to be comprehensive enough to cover a fragmented, heterogeneous and highly atomized area of illegal, unethical, or offensive behavior. Findings suggest informal collective mechanisms involved in ethics should be integrated across any and all administrative procedures to enhance legitimacy and applicability of the latter. Moreover, the emerging concept of ethical crowdsourcing can play an important role as insider’s civil alarm that serves the purpose of prevention and early detection of misconduct across the three categories of investigated organizations. The article discusses solutions to upgrade such procedures aiming to maximize transparency and civic participation, involving counselling, training, mediation and arbitration techniques, dedicated ombudsperson, hybrid outsourcing strategies, through the lens of theoretical connections to agency and accountability.",
    	keywords = "Whistleblowing; integrity; compliance; corporate governance; benchmarking; accountability",
    	year = 2016
    }
    

Abstract: The study concerns the legitimization and institutionalization of an emerging field of preoccupation – that of whistleblowing or integrity denouncement in Romania. The research design relies on acomparative best practice approach achieved through a parallel online analysis between 20 ministries as central administration entities, nine of the most profitable state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and a sample of private corporations tagged as premium employers in graduate surveys. Provisions on whistleblowing are included in the code of business ethics of corporations and due diligence governance policy of public-sector organizations. The conceptual model of comparative investigation relies on a benchmarking framework applied to official corporate websites and analyzes the following categories: coverage (types of misconduct), accessibility (internal and external communication means), addressability (targeted stakeholders), core principles, technical specifications and explanations on process stages. Organizational procedures on whistleblowing strive to be comprehensive enough to cover a fragmented, heterogeneous and highly atomized area of illegal, unethical, or offensive behavior. Findings suggest informal collective mechanisms involved in ethics should be integrated across any and all administrative procedures to enhance legitimacy and applicability of the latter. Moreover, the emerging concept of ethical crowdsourcing can play an important role as insider’s civil alarm that serves the purpose of prevention and early detection of misconduct across the three categories of investigated organizations. The article discusses solutions to upgrade such procedures aiming to maximize transparency and civic participation, involving counselling, training, mediation and arbitration techniques, dedicated ombudsperson, hybrid outsourcing strategies, through the lens of theoretical connections to agency and accountability.

Keywords: Whistleblowing; integrity; compliance; corporate governance; benchmarking; accountability.

Cuvinte-cheie: denunţ de integritate; conformitate; guvernanţă corporativă; analiză comparativă; responsabilitate.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 119-125.


SR 2 3 2016 coperta

O carte inovatoare: Reţele cooperative – agenţi de modernizare şi construcţie a naţiunii

An Innovative Book: Cooperative Networks – Agents of Nation Building and Modernization 

Maria Larionescu*

*Universitatea din Bucureşti, Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială.

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  1. Maria Larionescu. O carte inovatoare: Reţele cooperative – agenţi de modernizare şi construcţie a naţiunii. Sociologie Românească XIV(2-3):119-125, 2016. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Larionescu, Maria",
    	title = "O carte inovatoare: Reţele cooperative – agenţi de modernizare şi construcţie a naţiunii",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIV",
    	number = "2-3",
    	pages = "119-125",
    	year = 2016
    }
    

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 109-116.


SR 2 3 2016 coperta

Istoria unei omisiuni documentare inexplicabile: Întrebări, Supoziţii, Justificări 

The History of an Unexplainable Documentary Omission: Questions, Suppositions, Justifications 

Maria Larionescu*

*Universitatea din Bucureşti, Facultatea de Sociologie şi Asistenţă Socială.

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  1. Maria Larionescu. Istoria unei omisiuni documentare inexplicabile: Întrebări, Supoziţii, Justificări. Sociologie Românească XIV(2-3):109-116, 2016. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Larionescu, Maria",
    	title = "Istoria unei omisiuni documentare inexplicabile: Întrebări, Supoziţii, Justificări",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIV",
    	number = "2-3",
    	pages = "109-116",
    	year = 2016
    }
    

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 127-138.


SR 2 3 2016 coperta

Nomenklatura – un concept ce revine în actualitate

Nomenclature – a Concept Coming Back to Life

Lucien V. Constantin*

*Şcoala „N. Titulescu”, Călăraşi.

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  1. Lucien V Constantin. Nomenklatura – un concept ce revine în actualitate. Sociologie Românească XIV(2-3):127-138, 2016. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Constantin, Lucien V.",
    	title = "Nomenklatura – un concept ce revine în actualitate",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIV",
    	number = "2-3",
    	pages = "127-138",
    	year = 2016
    }