Rotariu 3/1999

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), X new series no. 3/1999, pp. 5-37.




SR 1999 3 coperta

Asupra unor aspecte ale migrației interne recente din România

Aspects of Recent Migration Trends in Romania

Traian Rotariu, Elemer Mezei


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Abstract (Rezumat în limba engleză): The present essay try to offer an image of intensity and structure of the internal migration from Romania, focusing on the changes from the last decades, comparing that with the communist period.
At the beginning, are made several theoretical and methodological remarks related to the different approaches in migration issue, the authors choosing a complex point of view. Trying to combine the explicative advantages of a holistic approach, also with individual deterministic, and verstehende methods, to take into account the sense of implied actors.
The second part came to demonstrate that in communist period, one could experience a specific pattern of internal migration (preserved in the first years after 1989). Clear directions of mobility, started from the rural and targeting the urban areas, from weak developed territories to relatively high-developed (almost industrialized) regions characterized that period.
But for the last couple of years, we can see a near totally de-construction of the migration field, means that parallel with a sensible reduction of the phenomenon (as intensity and distances, as well). The former clear direction of mobility disappears; one can hardly find rule, to show a clear direction of migrations. The migration flow from rural to urban settlements is in equilibrium by now, and beginning from 1997 the most important direction is starting from urban and arriving into rural areas. One other specific change is also, that the geographical distance of mobility developed into a more short movement as in the past decades was.