Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. IX, no. 1/2011.
New Authoritarianism - A Research Note
György Csepeli* și Gergő Prazsák**
Vol IX, no. 1, 2011, pp. 47-63
*Author adress: Institute of Sociology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest 1117 Pazmany P s 1, Hungary.
**Author adress: Institute of Sociology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest 1117 Pazmany P s 1, Hungary.
Abstract: Theories of modern authoritarianism have identified the nation state and the family as the major determinants of the development of the authoritarian character. Family was conceived as the psychological agent of the nation state in the process leading to the emergence of superego to maintain strict borders between normalcy and deviance. The result was the authoritarian personality whose love, adoration and readiness for submission are aroused by power represented by external authorities. In contemporary Western societies neither external nor internal authorities play any role in the life of the individual. What we find is that instead of disappearing, authoritarianism has become more prominent. Based on a series of surveys carried out in the fall of 2010 in Hungary symptoms of authoritarianism will be presented such as anti-democratic attitudes, approval with extreme right wing party programs, dogmatic orientations, agreement with authoritarian statements, and readiness to take positions in which members of a group look upon members of other groups as inferior. Multivariate analysis will be carried out in order to reveal the path leading to the new authoritarianism.
Keywords: authoritarianism; identity; family.
Cuvinte-cheie: autoritarism; identitate; familie.