Nistor and Iluț 1/2011

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. IX, no. 1/2011.




Self-transcendence Values in Hungary and Romania. A preliminary Analysis of Benevolence and Universalism

Laura Nistor* și Petru Iluț**

Vol IX, no. 1, 2011, pp. 25-46


*Author adress: Sapientia University Cluj-Napoca, Social Science Department, Piata Libertatii nr. 1, 530104 Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania.
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**Author adress: Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, Bd. 21 Decembrie, 1989, Nr. 126-130, 400604 Cluj Napoca, Romania.
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Abstract: The European Social Survey (ESS) uses an adapted and shortened version of the Schwartz’s Value Survey in order to reveal individuals’ value orientations, that is the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ). The PVQ module of the ESS comprises 21 items, which sketch the portrait of other people in terms of their important goals, wishes and aspirations. Respondents are then asked to compare each portrait to themselves and rate their similarity to the portraits on a 6-point scale (from‘very much like me’ to ‘ not at all like me’).The PVQ module studies ten types of values ,corresponding to the broader value orientations of self-enhancement ,self-transcendence,openness to change and conservation.Our analysis is based on the fourth wave (2008 )of the ESS and deals only with self-transcendence values, that is the valuation of others’well-being. The approachis comparative and preliminary:empiric alanalyses are used to reveal the theoretica lvs .empirical structure of the selftranscendence values in Hungary and Romania to model the profile of individuals for whom the well-being of others is important. Results sugget that while self-transcendence values are the most important values in both countries, Hungarians ares ignificantly more in favor of thes evalues than Romanians. Women and upper level educated respondents are in both countries significantly more in favor of self-transcendence values, but age is not significantly decisive in this regard.

Keywords: benevolence; universalism; values; PVQ; European Social Survey.

Cuvinte-cheie: bunăvoinţă; universalism; valori; PVQ; European Social Survey.