Chiru 4/1999

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), X new series no. 4/1999, pp. 33-47.



SR 1999 4 coperta

Identitatea și vitalitatea etnolingvistică

Etnolingvistic Identity and Vitality

Cristina Chiru


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Abstract (Rezumat în limba engleză): The ethnolinguistic identity was built on situated identity theory and is not static, but dynamic, and situation ally dependent. The concept of ethnolinguistic vitality is used to designate the sociostructural forces that determine a particular ethnic group's continued existence as a separate and active collective entity within heterogeneous societies. Bourhis, Giles and Rosenthal (1981) distinguished three dimensions: the status of the group in the larger society, demographic variables, and institutional support for the group. Bornman and Appelgryn distinguished five dimensions: institutional support, group status and power, maintenance of identity, maintenance of symbols, and threat to identity. But they emphasized that it needed to establish whether the five dimensions identified are universal dimensions of ethnolinguistic vitality, or whether they were merely products of the unique circumstances.