Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), X new series no. 4/1999, pp. 5-23.
Justiția socială în perioada de tranziție: opinii studențești
Social Justice in the Transition: what are Thinking the Students
Septimiu Chelcea, Radu Lucian, Cristian Ciupercă
Abstract (Rezumat în limba engleză): Based on a ad libitum college student sample (N = 694), our survey highlighted the fact that these accept to a larger extent capitalist justice, based on the equitable distribution of resources, compared with the principle of socialist justice, based on egalitarian principles. This points toward a few peculiarities of post-communist transition in Romania: a certain inertia about the role of the state in the economy, the lack of open opportunities for all the citizens as well as the existence of an overwhelmingly negative projection on wealth differences. Other findings of the study, concern gender differences in perception of justice (the female students accept to a larger extent the principle of egality compared with the male students), as well as the differences made by the degree pursued. We situated our data in a comparative perspective, using data from surveys based on the same methodology in 1991 in developed capitalist countries: (former) West Germany, Great Britain, USA, as well as the data from 1996 from five former Communist countries Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Russia and Hungary.