Cârțână 1-4/2001

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), XII new series no. 1-4/2001, pp. 317-345.



SR 2001 1-4 coperta

Structură și stratificare socială în România interbelică. Contribuții sociologice românești privind schimbarea și dezvoltarea socială

Social structure and stratification in between wars Romania. Romanian sociological contribution regarding social change and developement

Corneliu Cârțână


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Abstract (Rezumat în limba engleză): This article presents the evolution of social stratification during the period of modem Romania's birth as well as the way it was reflected in the between-wars social ideas. The influence of the Western World and the cultural encounter with the Western civilization has had a strong impact upon the sociological perspectives regarding the modernization of the Romanian society. Sociological debates basically focused the transition to capitalism and modern world trough some elements like; "historical heritage", "model" to be adopted or imitated, the appropriate means to follow a given "model", local specificities (cultural, psychological and ideological), etc. One might easily found similarities with the actual sociological debates on post-communist transition, no matter if different labels are currently used; "project capitalism", "path dependency", "the third way", a.s.o. Country modernization was strongly related to the capitalist organization in the ideas of the between-wars Romanian scholars. The debates from the Romanian between-wars sociology referring to normal or abnormal capitalist development trends will certainly open new theoretical and methodological perspectives for the second transition to capitalism in Romania.