M. Voicu 1-4/2001

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), XII new series no. 1-4/2001, pp. 70-96.



SR 2001 1-4 coperta

Modernitate religioasă în societatea românească

Religious modernity in the Romanian society

Mălina Voicu



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Abstract (Rezumat în limba engleză): The secularization phenomena manifest themselves in the contemporary cultural Romanian space, too. But which is their nature, after about a half of a century of communism and in the context of a post-communist transition strongly marked by economic difficulties? This is the fundamental question proposed by the study The historic excursus undertaken by the author argues that the contemporary Romanian secularization stays in a large measure under the sign of the communist practices of interventionism in the space of the religious believes and practices, a completely different process from that of believes' individualization from the Western world. The study formulates and tests the hypothesis of the existence of three social types - the Atheist, the Secularized and the Believer - structured depending on two polar dimensions: the rejection of clergy's involvement in the political life and the support of some believing persons participation to political life. The Atheist rejects the clergy's involvement in political life and the necessity of involvement in politics of some persons having a high degree of religiosity. The second type is the Secularized, that who rejects the first opinion but sustains the second one. The last type, the Believer, accepts the church involvement ii politics and sustains as mandatory the religious believe for politicians. The first type is characterized by a high religious modernity level and rejects the interference between the two domains by virtue of functional specialization. The second type is the result of the action of forces that determined the Romanian society secularization.