Voicu 1-4/2001

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), XII new series no. 1-4/2001, pp. 35-69.



SR 2001 1-4 coperta

România pseudo-modernă

Pseudo-modern Romania

Bogdan Voicu


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Abstract (Rezumat în limba engleză): The study is devoted to the value profile of contemporary Romanian society. The thesis of "Pseudo-modern Romania" is sustained, not so much in the sense of a society with artificial modernity, of an artifact type as particularly, a heterogeneous society, with traditional, modern and postmodern segments. "Pseudo-modernity" is identified especially in the hesitation between participation and non-participation to public interest activities. The Romanian space of values is structured among the strains of a technological modernization unstained by a cultural one, the postmodern tendencies taken over by contiguousness and the dilemma of participation to the socio-political life. Institutionally and technologically, the Romanian society went beyond the traditionalism phase and oscillates between modern and post-modern orientations. Traditionalism remains in the social value sphere. The aversion toward risk and the confidence in the explanatory power of religion, even moderated with a rejection attitude toward fatalism constitute such reflexes. The totalitarian communist state, controlling at maximum the society life, ended by inhibiting values that support civic participation and by maintaining to a moderate level the interest for politics. Moreover, it contributed to the adoption of strategies and values implying the risk avoidance, under the circumstances of the arbitrary of an opaque and uncontrollable political decision. The tensions of the pseudo-modern society are translated in apparent paradoxical behaviors, as the appeal to the protector authority of the state associated with an avoidance of responsibilities towards it or the entrepreneurship without trust in people and institutions but centered round relations. The argumentation of this point of view is made through setting up and validation of some path models with latent variables, based on poll data.