Ivan 2/2009

Sociologie Românească, Vol. VII, no. 2/2009, pp. 27-48.




Drumul invers al fiilor rătăcitori: emigranţii români din Spania şi Italia

The reverse path of lost sons: Romanian emigrants in Spain and Italy

Claudiu Ivan


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Abstract: By this study we intend to approach the migration phenomenon from a perspective which has been ignored in previous studies: the determinants of Romanian emigrants. decision to return to their native country and the profile of those who intend to return. We were able to study this phenomenon thanks to the social survey on Romanian emigrants in both Spain and Italy conducted by the Agency for Governmental Strategies and Metro Media Transilvania between late 2007 and the beginning of 20082 . We take this opportunity to express our gratitude to the Agency for Governmental Strategies for granting us full access to this data set. There is a set of determinants of one.s decision to return to the country of origin permanently which we highlighted using the logistic regression analysis. The results have indicated that the Romanian emigrants who had declared that they were going to return definitively to Romania in the next two years . approximately 38% . are different from those who wished to stay in the host country in terms of their occupational status, their level of education and the magnitude of relation with relatives or friends living in Romania (we have measured this variable by means of the frequency with which they send money home, the frequency which they visit their family in the native country and the assessment of the importance of family in their life).

Keywords: capsunari; temporary migration; permanent migration; returns migration; remigration; Romanian migration in Italy and Spain; logistic regression analysis.

Cuvinte-cheie: căpșunari, migrație temporară, migrație permanentă, migrație de revenire, remigrație, migrație românească în Italia și Spania, analiză de regresie logistică.