Neagu 2/2006

Sociologie Românească, Vol. IV, no. 2/2006, pp. 147-160.




Educația - generator al clasei de mijloc

Education - a middle-class generator

Gabriela Neagu


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Abstract (Rezumat în limba engleză): One of the most important criteria that people but also the specialist identify relating to the middle class is the level of the education. Each level of education from educational hierarchy is based on a social position in social hierarchy. As a rule, the secondary and the high levels of education are related to middle and high classes from the social hierarchy. In this article, we propose an analysis of the realtionship between the education and the middle class in Romania. The dates that the analysis is based on are taken from Statistic Year Anually Population and Dwelling Consus from 1992 and 2002 and from studies and researches on educational condition in Romania before and after 1989 on autoidentification of class. The results of our analysis pointed out the fact the middle class in Romania is dominating one from cultural and educational point of view. The economic capital is hardly represented in our middle class. From the cultural-educational capital point of view, the middle class in Romania is likewise middle classes in occidental sociaties. The existence and trends related on the inequalities of the society in education are still factors that bodly affecte the middle class; long-term the inequality of chances related to the access to education emerge to important restriction of the „borders” and the content of middle class.