Sociologie Românească <p>Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology Review) is the official journal of the Romanian Sociological Association. First established in 1936, by the renowned (Romanian) scholar Dimitrie Gusti, the founder of the Sociological School of Bucharest, the Romanian Sociology Review is dedicated to promoting sociological knowledge and inquiry related to a broad-range of social processes. Covering different topics and domains, including social change, social development, social history, social policy, demography, gender studies, political issues, social inequalities, education, organization &amp; labour studies, criminology and migration studies, the review’s focus is oriented towards (but not limited to) empirical research from a sociological and historical approach.<br>Sociologie Românească is published under <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</a> (CC BY 4.0) license.</p> <p>ISSN 1220-5389<br>E-ISSN 2668-1455</p> en-US (Sociologie Românească) (Eugen Glăvan) Mon, 27 Nov 2023 14:39:53 +0000 OJS 60 On the Possibility of a Conceptual Model of Quality of Life <p>Up to now, quality of life (QOL) research has been guided by several conceptual frameworks that allow for the generation of rather general approaches to QOL with very fragmented explanatory contributions, while no specific conceptual models can be identified in the literature. This paper, which is based on a critical review of mainstream literature, aims to highlight the main difficulties in building a conceptual model of QOL and to propose a model that can overcome some of the current issues. The difficulties in constructing such a conceptual model stem mainly from the variety of definitions and the range assigned to the concept of QOL, the consequent operationalisation of the concept, the relativity and multidimensionality of the concept and the subsequent problems with unidimensional measures. This paper proposes a conceptual model that adopts an individual perspective on the theoretical construct and introduces several novel ideas for building a comprehensive explanatory framework for QOL. The following developments and improvements are suggested with the purpose of clarifying the intricate field of QOL research and closing in on a conceptual model: honing in on essential dimensions instead of constantly expanding the concept, increasing the effort put into theorising about QOL, adopting a life course perspective, generating longitudinal data and utilising research on agency. There is a high need for the development of a conceptual model of QOL and the concurrent integration of QOL approaches, at least at the European level, as this would contribute to fostering the advancement of the QOL research field and highlighting core European values regarding QOL standards.</p> Iuliana Precupețu Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Sun, 26 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Modele de dezvoltare identitară în familii minoritare etnic/multiculturale de surzi <p>Although the existence of internal ethnic diversity within Deaf communities is recognized by several authors, there has been less analysis of the impact of the ethnicity of marriage partners on the development and transmission of identity within Deaf families. This paper addresses language use and crossgenerational identity transmission in ethnic minority or ethnically mixed families set up by Deaf spouses living in Oradea (Romania). The research conducted in the Deaf community of Oradea is based on a survey of ethnic Hungarian Deaf community members (including ethnic Romanian spouses), lifepath interviews with selected Deaf individuals, and family case studies. The research results denote that in the case of Deaf people living in ethnically homogenous marriages who have graduated from a special school in Hungarian language, the transmission of Hungarian identity, knowledge of Hungarian sign language/oral language tends to be a natural, undisturbed process. However, if one of the spouses is of Romanian ethnicity, the language of communication within the family will probably be Romanian sign language/oral language. On the other hand, in families where both minority and majority ethnic family members, Deaf and hearing, are present, complex, multifaceted patterns of linguistic communication may operate, favoring specific multicultural ways of developing and transmitting identity.</p> Emese Belenyi, Gavril Flora Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Religiozitate individuală sau efect al școlilor confesionale? Analiza impactului religiozității și al școlilor confesionale asupra rezultatelor elevilor din clasa a 8-a din județul Bihor, România <p>Research in recent decades examining the correlates of educational outcomes highlights the role of religiosity in students' academic progress and achievements. An increasing number of recent studies in the field of education confirm this hypothesis, the one of the positive influences of religiosity on behavior and attitudes with a positive effect on the achievement of educational goals and academic results. As such, denominational schools are also under the attention of many researchers who observe differences between these religious schools and other, non-religiously affiliated schools. The sociological literature even speaks of a „religious school effect”, inspired by the original idea of the „Catholic school effect”, stressing that beyond the impact of individual religiosity on school outcomes, mediated mainly by attitudinal and psychosociological effects, there are also moderators at the institutional level resulting from the specificity of denominational schools. In the present study we test these two hypotheses simultaneously by modeling the learning averages of a large sample of 8th graders in Bihor County, Romania, using simple linear regression. Our results confirm what we have already found in previous studies, namely that personal religiosity has a positive effect on learning outcomes, while a separate effect at the institutional level cannot be shown.</p> Iosif Viorel Curta, Smaranda Liana Cioban-Kudelca, Adela Lazăr, Beáta-Fatime Gyarmati, Adrian Hatos Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Albumul de fotografii – un memorator al vieții de familie <p>This study explores the meanings currently ascribed to family photographs and albums and aspects of photograph collecting and album making behaviour. Current ways of storing photographs are presented as well as highlighting perceptions of the durability over time of these new forms of storage. The study is exploratory in nature, based on empirical research through the conduct of ten (structured) interviews conducted between August and September 2021. The results of the study show the multitude of meanings attributed to family photo albums, namely: reminiscence of moments in family life, reconstruction of family biography, communication between generations, knowledge of ancestors (great-grandparents, grandparents, parents) in different stages of their lives, establishing a link with the past and building family identity, family history and, last but not least, emotional, nostalgic or joyful meanings, aspects that strengthen the family. At the same time, the study highlights new forms of photo preservation - the shift from print to digital photography, including digital albums. The research also reveals perceptions of the durability of digital albums over time by recognising both positive and negative aspects. The article contributes to the development of research on family photographs and albums in Romanian society, highlighting the importance of the family album and considering it as an object of sociological research.</p> Elisaveta Drăghici Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Științele sociale între angajament și distanțare. In honorem Mihai Dinu Gheorghiu. Editura Universității „Al. I. Cuza”, Iași, 2023. Adrian Netedu (coord.) <p>The volume of memories, confessions and various contributions coordinated by Adrian Netedu, professor of Sociology at the Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences, „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Iaşi, expresses the appreciation enjoyed in the country and abroad by the honoree, the professor emeritus, sociologist, literary critic and essayist Mihai Dinu Gheorghiu, on his 70th birthday. The scientific and publishing activity of Professor M.D.G. has produced 18 published books (of which three books published in France), 18 translated and prefaced books, 34 studies in edited volumes, published in the country and abroad, over 80 studies in specialty magazines, numerous reviews and reports of research as well as ten course matters.</p> Septimiu Chelcea Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Teatrul și criza lumii moderne. Editura Pro Universitaria, București, 2023. Daniel Nițoi <p>In The Theatre and the Crisis of the Modern World, Daniel Nițoi critically examines the dynamic relationship between theatre and contemporary socio-cultural changes. The book highlights theatre's role in reflecting societal transformations and discusses its significance in contemplating morality and collective identity. Nițoi links theatre with human experiences such as happiness and ethics, and critiques the detrimental effects of modern society's materialism on theatrical art. Additionally, the book evaluates the ethical aspects of technology in theatre, advocating for the revitalization of values to counterbalance the prevailing materialistic culture.</p> Sebastian Fitzek Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Politica României de gestionare a pandemiei de Covid-19. Editura Academiei Române, București, 2022. Otovescu Maria Cristina <p>Through this book, university professor Cristina Otovescu presents scientific evidence (administrative, legislative documents and reports issued by institutions, studies and opinion polls), but in a language accessible to the public, how the authorities in Romania managed, to what extent it affected and how the population of the country reacted to the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> Sergiu Raiu Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Managementul strategic al cercetării științifice. Editura Mega, Cluj-Napoca, 2021. Meda Gâlea <p>The strategic scientific management of cultural and research institution is put under scrutiny in the paper The strategic management of scientific research [Managementul cercetării științifice] by the author Meda Gâlea. To better improve the strategic scientific management, the author dives into the history of an important Romanian research institute, the Romanian Academy, and into its management style in relation to the research developed. To substantiate the results, and to support the development of the formula that underpins the decision-making process in the management of a scientific institution, the author uses actual scientific literature, corelated with the research carried out among the research and technical staff of the Romanian Academy in Iași. The most important takeaway of this scientific paper is the PRA-nX formula used to facilitate decision making in terms of economic management for better scientific performance.</p> Mădălina Căpraru Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Social media influencerii și rolul lor publicitar. Tritonic Books, București, 2021. Delia Cristina Balaban și Julia Szambolics (coordonatori) <p>The advertising field is at the confluence of creativity and technology. Advertising is rapidly taking over digital platforms and incorporating new communication and information technologies. A recent evolution in this field is represented by the shift from endorsement and endorsers to influencers. Little has been written about influencers, at least in the Romanian context, although the advertising industry quickly turned to these new opinion leaders. The book coordinated by Delia Balaban and Julia Szambolics (professors and researchers at Babeș-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca) and published in 2021 by Tritonic Publishing House in Bucharest, under the title Social media influencers and their advertising role, is proof of a pioneering effort, through which the field of influencers is mapped.</p> Mădălina Moraru, Romina Surugiu Copyright (c) 2023 Romanian Academy Publishing House Mon, 27 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000