Rezumate Sociologie Românescă

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIII, no. 2/2015, pp. 88-100.


SR 2 2015 coverPolitica veniturilor în România

Incomes Policy in Romania

Adina Mihăilescu*

*Institutul de Cercetare a Calităţii Vieţii, Calea 13 Septembrie 13, sector 5, București. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Adina Mihăilescu. Politica veniturilor în România. Sociologie Românească XIII(2):88-100, 2015. BibTeX

    @article{RN1758,
    	author = "Mihăilescu, Adina",
    	title = "Politica veniturilor în România",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIII",
    	number = 2,
    	pages = "88-100",
    	issn = "1220-5389",
    	year = 2015,
    	type = "Journal Article"
    }
    

Abstract: Researchers from the Institute for Quality of Life Research using various methods and research tools to identify segments of the population in need and who can not help themselves but need state intervention, by special measures of social protection. Difficult situations, even alarming, they live in some families, like: family of two adults with two dependent children, you have one average net salary and allowances of the two children, can not cover the minimum decent life, then couple retired there one average pension insurance is also in difficulty, families in which one parent become unemployed or pensioners with minimum pensions offices are some examples of people identified as needing support and social protection and who live in poverty or at risk of falling into poverty, if not supported social distancing them from a decent life. About half of Romanian households can not meet the mandatory consumer spending compared to income they have. This in itself increases their vulnerability to risk losing or diminishing revenues.

Keywords: policy; income; consumption; basket of decent live; basket of subsistence.

Cuvinte-cheie: politică; venit; consum; coșul de trai decent; coșul de subzistență.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 1/2016, pp. 7-22.


SR 3 4 2015 copertaA Hypothesis on the Origin and Synchrony of the Romanian and Western Medical Sociology

Bogdan Bucur*

*National University of Political Studies and Public Administration (SNSPA), Faculty of Political Science, Department of Sociology, 30A Expoziţiei Street, 7th Floor, District 1, 012104 Bucharest, Romania. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea.

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  1. Bucur Bogdan. A Hypothesis on the Origin and Synchrony of the Romanian and Western Medical Sociology. Sociologie Românească XIV(1):7-22, 2016. BibTeX

    @article{,
    	author = "Bogdan, Bucur",
    	title = "A Hypothesis on the Origin and Synchrony of the Romanian and Western Medical Sociology",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIV",
    	number = 1,
    	pages = "7-22",
    	abstract = "The present article focuses on the eating habits of the population of interwar Romania, as rendered in the monographic research of the Sociological School of Bucharest, founded and led by Professor Dimitrie Gusti. It also investigates the health state of the Romanian citizens, mainly, but not exclusively, of those from rural areas. Our sources of information on the nutrition and public health of interwar Romania consisted in the studies and research carried out in the 1918–1948 period by the Sociological School of Bucharest, published in scientific journals and books edited under the scientific authority of Professor Gusti. In this respect, we have examined, almost in its entirety, the relevant work published by the Monographic School on the subject of nutrition and public health. The present article aims, therefore, to summarize the sociological studies and research carried out in the interwar period, at national level, which we above mentioned. It also aims to bring forward, for further critical scrutiny, a hypothesis regarding the synchrony between the Romanian medical sociology (of Gustian origin) and the similar scientific movements from the Western countries.",
    	keywords = "sociology of food; medical sociology; Sociological School of Bucharest; interwar Romania; Dimitrie Gusti",
    	year = 2016
    }
    

Abstract: The present article focuses on the eating habits of the population of interwar Romania, as rendered in the monographic research of the Sociological School of Bucharest, founded and led by Professor Dimitrie Gusti. It also investigates the health state of the Romanian citizens, mainly, but not exclusively, of those from rural areas. Our sources of information on the nutrition and public health of interwar Romania consisted in the studies and research carried out in the 1918–1948 period by the Sociological School of Bucharest, published in scientific journals and books edited under the scientific authority of Professor Gusti. In this respect, we have examined, almost in its entirety, the relevant work published by the Monographic School on the subject of nutrition and public health. The present article aims, therefore, to summarize the sociological studies and research carried out in the interwar period, at national level, which we above mentioned. It also aims to bring forward, for further critical scrutiny, a hypothesis regarding the synchrony between the Romanian medical sociology (of Gustian origin) and the similar scientific movements from the Western countries.

Keywords: sociology of food; medical sociology; Sociological School of Bucharest; interwar Romania; Dimitrie Gusti.

Cuvinte-cheie: sociologia alimentației; sociologie medicală; Școala Sociologică de la București; România interbelică; Dimitrie Gusti.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIII, no. 3-4/2015, pp. 115-116.


SR 3 4 2015 copertaConferința Internațională Creștină ”Puterea de a fi Altfel”, 30-31.10.2014, Universitatea de Vest din Timișoara, România

International Christian Conference ”Power to be Different”, 30-31.10.2014, West University, Timișoara, Romania

Simona Maria Stănescu*, Patricia Runcan**

*Institutul de Cercetare a Calității Vieții al Academiei Române, Calea 13 Septembrie, nr. 13, sector 5, 050711, București, România. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

**Universitatea de Vest din Timișoara, Departamentul de Asistență Socială, Timișoara, România. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Simona Maria Stănescu and Patricia Runcan. Conferința Internațională Creștină ”Puterea de a fi Altfel”, 30-31.10.2014, Universitatea de Vest din Timișoara, România. Sociologie Românească XIII(3/4):115-116, 2015. BibTeX

    @article{RN1776,
    	author = "Stănescu, Simona Maria and Runcan, Patricia",
    	title = "Conferința Internațională Creștină ”Puterea de a fi Altfel”, 30-31.10.2014, Universitatea de Vest din Timișoara, România",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIII",
    	number = "3/4",
    	pages = "115-116",
    	issn = "1220-5389",
    	year = 2015,
    	type = "Journal Article"
    }
    

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIII, no. 3-4/2015, pp. 5-18.


SR 3 4 2015 copertaEvoluția selectivității învățământului superior din România sub impactul expansiunii și contracției. O analiză descriptivă

The Impact of Expansion and Contraction on the Evolution of Selectivity of Romanian Higher Education. A Descriptive Analysis

Adrian Hatos, Andreea Pop*

*Universitatea din Oradea, Facultatea de Ştiinţe Socio-Umane, str. Universităţii nr. 1, Oradea, Bihor. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Adrian Hatos and Andreea Pop. Evoluția selectivității învățământului superior din România sub impactul expansiunii și contracției. O analiză descriptivă. Sociologie Românească XIII(3/4):5-18, 2015. BibTeX

    @article{RN1767,
    	author = "Hatos, Adrian and Pop, Andreea",
    	title = "Evoluția selectivității învățământului superior din România sub impactul expansiunii și contracției. O analiză descriptivă",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIII",
    	number = "3/4",
    	pages = "5-18",
    	issn = "1220-5389",
    	year = 2015,
    	type = "Journal Article"
    }
    

Abstract: The article investigates in a descriptive manner the evolution of selectivity of admissions to Romanian universities in the context of dramatic changes of figures regarding enrollment in higher education between 2007-2013. Using national and European statistical data and selectivity indicators collected from the Romanian public and private universities' webpages the authors discuss: the distribution of enrollment expansion and contraction by property of university, type of financing and field of study; selectivity indicators publication practices; the ecolution of admissions' selectivity indicators; evolutions of selectivity indicators by fields of study and types of universities. The results suggest that the expansion and the subsequent contraction were due to the inflationary demand and offer in credentialized fields of studies supplied specially by private universities. All the recorded evolutions point to a saturation of demand for these fields of study and the orientation of demand, via effectively maintained inequality towards socially more rewarding domains like medicine.

Keywords: expansion and contraction in higher education; selectivity of fields of study; access equity in higher education.

Cuvinte-cheie: expansiune și contracție în învățământul superior; selectivitatea domeniilor de studiu; echitate de acces în învățământul superior.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIII, no. 3-4/2015, pp. 19-35.


SR 3 4 2015 copertaMăsuri de dezvoltare rurală în Polonia și Ungaria

Rural Development Measures in Poland and Hungary

Flavius Mihalache*, Alin Croitoru**

*Institutul de Cercetare a Calității Vieții, Calea 13 Septembrie nr. 13, Sector 5, București. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea.

**Universitatea Lucian Blaga din Sibiu, Facultatea de Științe Socio-Umane, Strada Lucian Blaga, nr. 2A, Sibiu. Universitatea din București, Centrul de Studii pentru Migrație - CeSMig, Șoseaua Panduri nr. 90-92, București. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea.

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  1. Flavius Mihalache and Alin Croitoru. Măsuri de dezvoltare rurală în Polonia și Ungaria. Sociologie Românească XIII(3/4):19-35, 2015. BibTeX

    @article{RN1768,
    	author = "Mihalache, Flavius and Croitoru, Alin",
    	title = "Măsuri de dezvoltare rurală în Polonia și Ungaria",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIII",
    	number = "3/4",
    	pages = "19-35",
    	issn = "1220-5389",
    	year = 2015,
    	type = "Journal Article"
    }
    

Abstract: The main objective of this paper is to highlight some key aspects of the rural transformation in Poland and Hungary after the collapse of the communist regimes. We selected these two cases taking into account a series of similarities and differences between their rural evolution and the situation from Romania and we employed a comparative perspective. The analytical framework pays attention to the specific historical background and to the shaping force of the European Common Agricultural Policy. Since early '90s Poland’s rural development strategy was focused on three main dimensions: rural economy diversification, support for small family farms and social security for farmers. On the other hand, the priorities of the Hungarian decision makers were concentrated on the agrarian sector initiatives and the local development programs. Over the past decades, the governmental programs of these countries significantly influenced the process of reconstruction of the social and economic features of the rural areas. The final part of the paper emphasizes that in comparison with Romania's experience on handling rural development programs, Poland and Hungary adopted more adequate and reliable policies and from this perspective the evolution of these two countries could represent a model of good practice in this European region.

Keywords: rural development; rural entrepreneurship; agricultural sector; Poland; Hungary.

Cuvinte-cheie: dezvoltare rurală; antreprenoriat rural; sector agricol; Polonia; Ungaria.