Rezumate Sociologie Românescă

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIII, no. 2/2015, pp. 88-100.

SR 2 2015 coverPolitica veniturilor în România

Incomes Policy in Romania

Adina Mihăilescu*

*Institutul de Cercetare a Calităţii Vieţii, Calea 13 Septembrie 13, sector 5, București. E-mail: Această adresă de email este protejată contra spambots. Trebuie să activați JavaScript pentru a o vedea..

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  1. Adina Mihăilescu. Politica veniturilor în România. Sociologie Românească XIII(2):88-100, 2015. BibTeX

    	author = "Mihăilescu, Adina",
    	title = "Politica veniturilor în România",
    	journal = "Sociologie Românească",
    	volume = "XIII",
    	number = 2,
    	pages = "88-100",
    	issn = "1220-5389",
    	year = 2015,
    	type = "Journal Article"

Abstract: Researchers from the Institute for Quality of Life Research using various methods and research tools to identify segments of the population in need and who can not help themselves but need state intervention, by special measures of social protection. Difficult situations, even alarming, they live in some families, like: family of two adults with two dependent children, you have one average net salary and allowances of the two children, can not cover the minimum decent life, then couple retired there one average pension insurance is also in difficulty, families in which one parent become unemployed or pensioners with minimum pensions offices are some examples of people identified as needing support and social protection and who live in poverty or at risk of falling into poverty, if not supported social distancing them from a decent life. About half of Romanian households can not meet the mandatory consumer spending compared to income they have. This in itself increases their vulnerability to risk losing or diminishing revenues.

Keywords: policy; income; consumption; basket of decent live; basket of subsistence.

Cuvinte-cheie: politică; venit; consum; coșul de trai decent; coșul de subzistență.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 11-18.

SR 3 4 2015 copertaPreocupări de statistică economică ale lui Anton Golopenţia

Anton Golopentia on Economic Statistics

Sanda Golopenția*

*Brown University, Providence, U.S.A.

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Abstract: We publish two among the economic statistic proposals presented by Anton Golopentia to the State Planning Commission (SPC) of Romania during 1949. The first is a Note in which, in answer to the problem raised by the SPC, A.G. considers the possibility of dividing the territory of Romania into four economic regions of comparable strength. The second is the proposal to direct the production, in two months, by a group of former employees of CISR, of a Small Economic and Social Atlas of the P. R. of Romania, whose summary is attached.

Keywords: Anton Golopentia; economic statistics; four economic regions in Romania; The Small Economic and Social Atlas of the P. R. of Romania; State Planning Commission; Central Institute of Statistics/Romania (CISR).

Cuvinte-cheie: Anton Golopenţia; statistică economică; patru regiuni economice ale României; Micul atlas economic şi social al R. P. România; Comisia de Stat a Planificării; Institutul Central de Statistică.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 35-49.

SR 3 4 2015 copertaPrimăriile şi competiţia fondurilor europene: cazul „punctelor albe”

Municipalities in the Contest of European Funds: the Case of 'White Spots'

Monica Marin*

*Institutul de Cercetare a Calităţii Vieţii, Academia Română, București

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Abstract: This paper examines the case of ‘white spots’ in the absorption of European funds for the level of urban and rural municipalities in Romania. The ‘white spots’ are those municipalities that have not succeeded to absorb any euro from the entire volume of available European funds, for the period of 2009-2015. The paper defines the absorption of European funds as a case of attracting financial resources from the external environment, therefore as a case of organizational effectiveness for public organizations. The results of the analysis are mainly based on a secondary analysis of the local budgets execution database, for the period of 2009-2015. In addition to other quantitative data sources, a series of interviews with mayors representing ‘white spots’ has been conducted. The study identifies several characteristics of white spots municipalities, differentiated according to: i) territorial distribution; ii) fiscal capacity; iii) size of the organization and locality; iv) previous experience in European funded projects; v) local level of human development; vi) environmental factors and resource munificence as well as vii) other factors.

Keywords: European funds; absorption; white spots; municipalities.

Cuvinte-cheie: fonduri europene; absorbţie; puncte albe; primării.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 19-32.

SR 3 4 2015 copertaCompeting Voices of the Drive to Planning? The Cooperatist Engagement with Corporatism in Romania

Victor Rizescu*

*University of Bucharest, Department of Political Science

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Abstract: The article inquiries into the interplay between the discourses of cooperatism and corporatism in pre-communist Romania, by locating both trends within the fold of the drive to economic planning prevalent in the 1930’s and relating them to the development of syndicalism and social policies over the long run. The sophisticated engagement of the cooperatist theorist Gromolsav Mladenatz with the spread of corporatist ideas and practice in Europe is placed at the center of the account and contextualized in the national ideological and political setting, with an emphasis on his efforts to explore the validity of the claims advanced by the contemporary economic theory with a right-wing orientation to strike a revolutionary path away from liberal capitalism, as well as on his largely negative assessment of the same claims. Mladenatz’s own searches for a way out of the economic predicament of the time is shown to have led him, at the end of the period covered, towards a departure from the tenets of dirigisme (otherwise shared, on all accounts, by the cooperatist and corporatist camps). The corresponding contextualization of Mihail Manoilescu’s view of corporatism, by relating it to the various strands of the Romanian politics of professional representation and to all the ideological attitudes of relevance, is the larger objective targeted all throughout.

Keywords: cooperatism; corporatism; economic planning; syndicalism; social policies.

Cuvinte-cheie: cooperatism; corporatism; economie dirijată; syndicalism; politică social.

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XIV, no. 2-3/2016, pp. 51-71.

SR 3 4 2015 copertaO analiză a profilului urban al oraşelor mici din România. Studiu de caz: oraşele mici din judeţul Suceava

An Analysis of the Urban Profile of Small Towns in Romania. Case Study: Small Towns in Suceava County 

Cristina Humă*

*Institutul de Cercetare a Calităţii Vieţii, Academia Română, București

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Abstract: The study aims to present the level of urbanization of small towns in Romania, by analyzing some indicators that individualize this category of human settlements. The paper focuses, in the first part, on defining and identifying the small towns within the national urban network and on presenting their characteristics. In the second part, it concentrates on an analysis of elements contained in Law 351/2001 on the approval of the National Territory Arrangement Plan - Section IV Localities Network that define the urban profile of this distinct category of human settlements. Thus, the work took account of quantitative and qualitative elements, as well as labor resources employed in non-agricultural fields, housing equipment with utilities, health, education and culture infrastructure and urban infrastructure equipment assessed at the level of small urban settlements in Suceava County. For the intended purpose, the analysis relied on statistical data of the National Institute of Statistics (statistical records of population and housing censuses in 2002 and 2011, the records from the Statistical Yearbook of Romania 2003, 2007 and 2013 and the Statistical Yearbook of Suceava County 2013, as well as statistical records of Tempo-online database) and on statistical data that were extracted from Sheet village. The analysis was also based on information contained of small urban municipalities sites and strategic documents of these towns, of Suceava County and of the North-East Development Region of Romania of which they belong.

Keywords: urban; small towns; quality of life; Romania.

Cuvinte-cheie: urban; oraşe mici; calitatea vieţii; România.